Pregnancy/birth acupunture Research

BJOG: an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
June 2002, Vol. 109, pp. 637–644

Acupuncture treatment during labour—a randomised controlled trial
Agneta Ramnero¨a,b,*, Ulf Hansona,c, Mona Kihlgrenb

 Objective To investigate acupuncture treatment during labour with regard to pain intensity, degree of relaxation and outcome of the delivery.
Design Randomised controlled trial.
Setting Delivery ward at a tertiary care centre hospital in Sweden.
Population Ninety parturients who delivered during the period April 12, 1999 and June 4, 2000.
Methods Forty-six parturients were randomised to receive acupuncture treatment during labour as a compliment, or an alternative, to conventional analgesia.

 Main outcome measures Assessments of pain intensity and degree of relaxation during labour, together with
evaluation of delivery outcome.

 Results Acupuncture treatment during labour significantly reduced the need of epidural analgesia (12% vs 22%, relative risk [RR] 0.52, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.30 to 0.92). Parturients who received acupuncture assessed a significantly better degree of relaxation compared with the control group (mean difference 0.93, 95% CI 1.66 to 0.20). No negative effects of acupuncture given during labour were found in relation to delivery outcome.

 Conclusions The results suggest that acupuncture could be a good alternative or complement to those parturients who seek an alternative to pharmacological analgesia in childbirth. Further trials with a larger number of patients are required to clarify if the main effect of acupuncture during labour is analgesic or relaxing.

Influence of Acupuncture on the Duration of Labour

o   https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9692336

A Cochrane review of 13 trials involving 1986 women, reported that acupuncture or acupressure may help relieve labour pain. 

o   http://www.cochrane.org/CD009232/PREG_acupunture-or-acupressure-for-relieving-pain-in-labour

  •      Effects of acupuncture and stabilizing exercises as adjunct to standard treatment in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain: randomized single blind controlled trial

o   https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC555879/

o   https://acupuncture.rhizome.net.nz/acupuncture/research/pelvic-pain – Debra Betts

  •      Acupuncture for pelvic and back pain in pregnancy: a systematic review

o   Ee. 2008. Acupuncture for pelvic and back pain in pregnancy. A systematic review

  • Treating Pain in Pregnancy with Acupuncture: Observational Study Results from a Free Clinic in New Zealand

o   https://www.jams-kpi.com/article/S2005-2901(17)30108-5/fulltext

  • Acupuncture treatment: multidimensional assessment of low back pain in pregnant women

o   http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0080-62342018000100418&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en

  •   Does acupuncture have a role in the treatment of threatened miscarriage? Findings from a feasibility randomized trial and semi-structured participant interview

o   https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12884-016-1092-8

  •      Acupuncture to Treat Nausea and Vomiting in Early Pregnancy: A randomized controlled trial

o   https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11843784

o   https://acupuncture.rhizome.net.nz/acupuncture/research/morning-sickness/ – Debra Betts

  •      Pregnancy outcome following women’s participation in a randomized controlled trial of acupuncture to treat nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy

o   https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12481955

  •      Meta-analysis of acu-stimulation effects on nausea and vomiting in pregnant women

o   https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16979105

  •      Interventions on BL 67 for women with a breech fetus at 33 weeks gestation

o   https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20430289

o   https://acupuncture.rhizome.net.nz/acupuncture/research/moxabustion-breech/ – Debra Betts

  •      Moxibustion usage for Breech Presentation

o   https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9820259

o   https://acupuncture.rhizome.net.nz/acupuncture/research/moxabustion-breech/ – Debra Betts

  •      Depression in Pregnancy

o   https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20177281

o   https://acupuncture.rhizome.net.nz/acupuncture/research/depression-pregnancy/ – Debra Betts

  •      Influence of Acupuncture on the Duration of Labour

o   https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9692336

o   https://acupuncture.rhizome.net.nz/acupuncture/research/prebirth/ – Debra Betts

  •      Acupuncture and acupressure for pain management in labour and birth: A critical narrative review of current systematic review evidence

o  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24906592

  •      Acupuncture for cervical ripening and induction of labor at term–a randomized controlled trial

o   https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11802511

o  https://acupuncture.rhizome.net.nz/acupuncture/research/cervical-ripening/ – Debra Betts

  •     Cochrane Review: Acupuncture or acupressure for induction of labour

o   http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD002962.pub4/abstract

  • Acupuncture and Heart Rate Variability: A Systems Level Approach to Understanding Mechanism

o  Anderson 2012. Acupuncture and HR variability. A systems level approach to understanding mechanism

Childbirth acupressure Research

  •      Impact of Acupressure on Onset of Labour and Labour Duration.

o   https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25911499

o   https://acupuncture.rhizome.net.nz/acupuncture/research/reducing-labour-pain/ – Debra Betts

  •      Acupressure to Reduce Labour Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial

o   https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20822474

o   https://acupuncture.rhizome.net.nz/acupuncture/research/reducing-labour-pain/ – Debra Betts

  •      A Cochrane review of 13 trials involving 1986 women, reported that acupuncture or acupressure may help relieve labour pain. 

o   http://www.cochrane.org/CD009232/PREG_acupunture-or-acupressure-for-relieving-pain-in-labour

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